Every year, April 19th is observed as World Liver Day to promote knowledge about liver-related conditions and diseases. This year’s theme is “Keeping Liver Healthy and Disease-Free”.
“The liver is the second largest and the second most complex organ in the body, after the brain. It is responsible for performing crucial functions related to immunity, digestion, metabolism, storage of absorbed nutrients, and excretion. Keeping your liver in good shape is the key to preventing liver diseases,” said Dr. Amit Jain, MS MCh (GI Surgery) FMAS FALS FIAGES, who also consults on Practo.
He added that the incidence of liver disease in India is steadily increasing. He told: “Reports suggest that liver diseases are the 10th most common cause of death in India.”
Liver disease refers to any disorders of the liver that hinders its normal function. It is known that viruses, genetics or lifestyle factors, including excessive drinking, excessive smoking, unhealthy eating habits, obesity, etc., can cause liver damage, leading to liver failure.
Know that unless the liver is severely damaged, the liver will not immediately show any signs and symptoms of deterioration. However, typical symptoms of liver disease include nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, and jaundice. He suggested that in order to take care of the liver, the following are some tips you must follow.
Maintain a healthy weight -Obesity can lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is one of the fastest growing liver diseases.
Eat a balanced diet -Avoid eating high-calorie meals, saturated fats, refined carbohydrates (such as white bread, white rice, and regular pasta), and sugar. To properly adjust your diet, please eat fiber, which can be obtained from fresh fruits, vegetables, whole wheat bread, rice, and cereals. Hydration is essential, so drink plenty of water.
Take care and protect yourself from hepatitis B or C -Hepatitis B and C can be transmitted sexually or through blood contact. Have safe sex and avoid unnecessary sharing of toothbrushes, razors, needles and other personal care products-these items can also spread hepatitis B or C. If you are a carrier of hepatitis B or C, please consult your doctor for a screening program to detect problems early. If your parents are carriers and/or you are not sure, go for hepatitis screening. Get hepatitis A and B vaccines. If you want a tattoo or piercing, please be extra careful to find a clean and tidy place that follows strict sterilization methods.
Avoid toxins -Toxins can harm liver cells. Limit direct contact with toxins in cleaning and aerosol products, pesticides, chemicals and additives. When you use sprays, make sure the room is well ventilated and wear a mask.
Drink Alcohol responsibly -Alcoholic beverages can damage or destroy liver cells and injure the liver. Talk to your doctor about the right amount of alcohol is right for you. It is recommended that you drink only moderately or abstain from alcohol completely.
Reduce or stop smoking -There are some studies linking smoking to the development of liver cancer. Smoking can also enhance the toxic effects of certain drugs (such as paracetamol) on the liver.
Avoid using illegal drugs -Illegal drugs include non-medical use of marijuana/marijuana, cocaine (including crackle), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription psychotherapeutics (pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and tranquilizers)
Follow the instructions on all medications —If you take medicines by mistake due to taking too much, using the wrong medicine, or mixing medicines, it may damage your liver.